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Scientific work

Scientific work is undoubtedly a kind of creative work, however, of a special kind. Its task is to discover new laws and truths, but it is purposeful work. The aim is to benefit both individual members of the whole society and the state, including its economy and culture. This goal is not always specified specifically, but its general direction still remains the same. Regardless of whether it is about learning the truth or creating new devices or the latest technologies based on them, the goal is actually unchangeable. It’s about development. And research, conceptual and methodological works can be distinguished. Research work is aimed at describing the world in the most accurate way possible. The results of these tests may be later and, of course, they should be used in a practical way. Conceptual work, meanwhile, is preparatory work, which is a contribution to further research. The last type of scientific work is methodological work, the aim of which is to devise new research methods or to refine old ones that already exist. Considering this problem from a different perspective, one can say that scientific work can be theoretical or experimental. In theoretical work, the researchers rely on the results of other scientific papers already described. They try to systematize the acquired knowledge on the basis of collected facts and draw useful information, conclusions, etc. from them. Experimental work is carried out through experiments, and thus experiments. They can be successfully carried out in both natural and social sciences. Why should scientific work be understood and briefly described here as creative work? First of all, because the result of the assumption is to be a work that is a new work. It is not about duplicating knowledge but about expanding its scope (even in the case of theoretical work). Therefore, the scientist during his work looks for new ways and solutions, he tries to notice previously unnoticed connections between known things or concepts. He tries to draw conclusions that, as we have described above, are to contribute not only to the development of science itself, but also to improve the life situation of people in general in the future. While, for example, art – as sometimes postulated – can be created for art itself, science, although it is also a creative work, never makes sense for it. The aim of scientific work, development work and work carried out very strictly is always serving people. On the other hand, the goal of scientific work can not lead to bending, even subconsciously, facts. Therefore, scientific work is carried out in specific conditions and its authenticity is checked at every stage of its implementation. How? Thanks to the falsifiability criterion. For this condition to be met, each new theory is presented to a wide audience, especially to other specialists in a given field. In general, however, the point is that knowledge should not have a secretive status. The new theory should also be predicted. That is, it should give precise results in experiments, and these must be done in accordance with existing knowledge. Paradoxically, therefore, scientific knowledge does not have to be true (such assumption is impossible to meet, if answers and new solutions are still being sought), it must be “verifiable”. This once again confirms the theory that scientific knowledge is the most creative work. However, it is subject to many quite rigorous requirements related to the principles and methodology of the knowledge gained so far. The result of such a scientific work is always a certain work. It can be an article, maybe a book, an ideology or a view. Of course, only if they meet the scientific criterion discussed earlier.